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1. System Type:

Ontario’s auto insurance system is predominantly characterized as a private system. Here’s a breakdown of what that entails:

Ontario Auto Insurance System Type:

  • Private System:
    • In Ontario, all aspects of auto insurance, including coverages for bodily injuries and property damage, are provided by private insurance companies.
    • These insurance companies compete in the market, giving consumers the ability to shop around for policies that best fit their needs and budget.
    • While the system is private, the provincial government sets certain regulations and standards that insurers must follow. This includes mandatory coverages that all drivers must have.
    • The government also regulates rate increases, ensuring that any hikes in premiums are justified.
  • Modified No-Fault System:
    • Apart from the private system nature, it’s essential to note that Ontario operates under a modified no-fault system. This means that after an auto accident, irrespective of who’s at fault, each driver’s own insurance company covers their medical and rehabilitation expenses and damages to their vehicle up to their policy limit.
    • However, the system allows for specific lawsuits or tort claims depending on the severity of injuries and other conditions. So, while immediate costs are covered by one’s insurance, there’s still the potential right to sue for pain, suffering, and economic loss beyond no-fault benefits in certain circumstances.

This private, competitive system combined with the no-fault structure aims to ensure quick access to necessary benefits after an accident, while also allowing injured parties to seek additional compensation when appropriate.

2. Coverage for Bodily Injury:

Ontario’s auto insurance system provides coverage for bodily injury through several different components. It’s essential to understand that Ontario follows a no-fault insurance system. This means that regardless of who is at fault in an accident, each person involved will typically deal with their own insurance company for injury compensation and vehicle repairs.

Here are the primary components of Ontario auto insurance coverage related to bodily injury:

  1. Third-Party Liability Coverage:
    • This coverage protects you if another person is killed or injured, or their property is damaged. It will pay for legitimate claims against you up to the limit of your coverage, and it will pay for the cost of settling the claims.
    • The minimum coverage required by law in Ontario is $200,000, but many drivers opt for more coverage (e.g., $1 million or $2 million) to be adequately protected.
  2. Statutory Accident Benefits Coverage:
    • This provides benefits if you, your passengers, or pedestrians are injured in an auto accident, regardless of who is at fault.
    • This coverage can include:
      • Medical and rehabilitation benefits.
      • Attendant care benefits (for severe injuries).
      • Income replacement benefits (70% of gross income up to $400 per week is a common amount).
      • Death and funeral benefits.
      • Non-earner, caregiver, and dependent care benefits in specific circumstances.
  3. Direct Compensation – Property Damage (DC-PD) Coverage:
    • While this primarily covers damage to your vehicle, it’s relevant in multi-vehicle accidents where another driver is at fault. Your insurance company pays for damages to your vehicle when someone else is at fault for the accident.
  4. Uninsured Motorist Coverage:
    • This protects you if you’re injured or killed by an uninsured motorist or by a hit-and-run.
  5. Underinsured Motorist Coverage (often a part of OPCF 44R Family Protection Coverage):
    • This coverage protects you if you’re injured by a motorist who doesn’t have enough insurance to cover all your claims. If your claim exceeds the at-fault driver’s liability coverage, the underinsured motorist coverage will make up the difference, up to the policy’s limits.

3. Coverage for Property Damage:

In Ontario, the primary coverage for property damage related to auto insurance is called Direct Compensation – Property Damage (DC-PD). Here’s a breakdown of how it works:

Direct Compensation – Property Damage (DC-PD) Coverage:

  1. Coverage Basics:
    • This component of your auto insurance covers damage to your vehicle (and its contents) and loss of use of your vehicle and its contents, to the extent that another person was at fault for the accident.
    • The “Direct Compensation” part means that you will deal with your own insurance company for the claim, regardless of who is at fault in the accident.
  2. Fault Determination:
    • DC-PD operates based on a set of government-defined rules called the “Fault Determination Rules”. These rules help insurance companies determine fault without having to resort to the court system.
    • The amount you receive in a DC-PD claim depends on the degree of fault assigned to each driver. If you’re found to be 0% at fault, your insurer will cover your vehicle’s damages. If you’re 50% at fault, your insurer will cover 50% of the damages, and so on.
  3. Coverage Conditions:
    • For DC-PD coverage to apply, the accident must have taken place in Ontario, involve another vehicle (not a pedestrian or property, such as a fence or lamppost), and at least one of the other vehicles must be insured by a company that has signed the Ontario DC-PD agreement.
  4. Coverage Limits and Deductibles:
    • DC-PD usually comes with a deductible. The deductible is the amount you need to pay out-of-pocket before your insurance kicks in. The standard deductible is often $500, but you can choose a different amount when you buy your policy. A lower deductible will typically mean a higher premium and vice versa.
    • The maximum coverage limit for DC-PD is typically the actual cash value of your car or the cost to repair the damage, whichever is less.

While DC-PD is the primary property damage coverage in Ontario’s auto insurance system, remember that there are other optional coverages and endorsements that can be added for broader protection. For example, you can purchase collision coverage to cover damage to your vehicle if you’re at fault or if the fault cannot be determined.

4. No-Fault System:

The no-fault insurance system in Ontario can sometimes be misunderstood. “No-fault” doesn’t mean you won’t be found at fault for an accident. Rather, it refers to how insurance claims are handled after an accident. Here’s a breakdown of what the no-fault system in Ontario means:

  1. Direct Compensation:
    • Regardless of who is at fault in a collision, each driver deals directly with their own insurance company for claims. Hence the term “Direct Compensation.”
  2. Medical and Repair Claims:
    • If you’re involved in an accident, your insurance company will cover your medical expenses and repairs up to the limits set in your policy, even if you’re the one at fault.
    • Conversely, if another driver is at fault, their insurance will cover their own damages and medical expenses. You don’t need to pursue the at-fault driver’s insurance company for compensation.
  3. Fault Determination:
    • Even under the no-fault system, fault is still determined. The Fault Determination Rules, as set out by the province of Ontario, help insurers determine who is at fault. These rules consist of various scenarios and diagrams illustrating how fault percentages should be assigned for different types of collisions.
    • The percentage of fault determined can affect the driver’s insurance premiums in subsequent renewals.
  4. Benefits of No-Fault:
    • Faster payouts: Since you deal directly with your insurance company, you can get your claims processed faster without waiting for disputes between insurance companies to resolve.
    • Less complexity: You won’t need to file a lawsuit against the at-fault driver for damages or medical expenses, making the process more straightforward.
  5. Third-Party Liability:
    • While the no-fault system covers immediate medical expenses and repairs, it doesn’t prevent lawsuits for additional damages like pain and suffering, loss of income beyond what’s provided in accident benefits, or other long-term impacts. This is where third-party liability coverage comes in. If you’re found at fault, this coverage protects you from paying these additional damages out of pocket up to your coverage limit.
  6. Protection Against Uninsured Drivers:
    • Ontario auto insurance policies also typically include coverage to protect drivers if they’re involved in an accident with an uninsured or underinsured driver.

5. Premiums:

What Are Average Car Insurance Rates in Ontario

  1. Province-wide Average: Roughly around CAD $1,500 to $1,600 annually.
  2. New Drivers: Those under 25, especially males, can expect to pay significantly more, sometimes upwards of CAD $3,000 or more per year, depending on other factors.
  3. Mature and Experienced Drivers: Those between the ages of 25 and 65 with a good driving record might find premiums ranging from CAD $1,200 to $2,000 annually.
  4. Seniors: Rates might start to climb again for seniors, especially if they have any factors that might increase their risk.
  5. High-risk Drivers: Those with multiple accidents or convictions could see rates much higher than the average, sometimes CAD $5,000 or more annually.
  6. City vs. Rural: Rates in large cities like Toronto, Brampton, or Mississauga can be considerably higher than in more rural areas. For instance, a driver in Brampton might pay several hundred dollars more annually compared to one in Kingston or Ottawa.
  7. Vehicle Type: More expensive vehicles or those more prone to theft can carry higher premiums.
  8. Coverage Choices: Those who choose to have comprehensive coverage, lower deductibles, or higher policy limits will, naturally, pay more.

How much is car insurance in Ontario per month?

Average car insurance costs in Ontario, the monthly costs for different driver profiles for liability only, liability + collision, and full coverage may range as follows:

Note that the actual cost of car insurance may vary depending on factors such as the driver’s age, driving record, type of vehicle, coverage options, and insurer. It’s important for drivers to compare quotes from multiple insurers to find the best coverage and rates for their individual needs.

Driver ProfileLiability OnlyLiability + CollisionFull Coverage
G1 Driver$120-$140$160-$180$200-$220
G2 Driver$110-$130$150-$170$190-$210
Full G$100-$120$140-$160$180-$200
Teenage Driver$300-$400$500-$600$700-$800
Young Driver$180-$220$280-$320$380-$420
High-risk Driver$250-$350$400-$500$550-$650
Occasional Driver$70-$90$100-$120$130-$150
Pleasure Driver$80-$100$110-$130$140-$160
Commuting Driver$120-$140$160-$180$200-$220
Good Driver$70-$90$100-$120$130-$150
Bad Driver$250-$350$400-$500$550-$650
New Driver$180-$220$280-$320$380-$420
Secondary Driver$80-$100$110-$130$140-$160
17 Years Old$300-$400$500-$600$700-$800
Over 55 Years Old$70-$90$100-$120$130-$150
International Driver$250-$350$400-$500$550-$650
Men Driver$110-$130$150-$170$190-$210
Women Driver$100-$120$140-$160$180-$200
Married Couples$80-$100$110-$130$140-$160
Personal Use$80-$100$110-$130$140-$160
Business Use$150-$200$250-$300$350-$400
Commercial Use$250-$350$400-$500$550-$650

Average car insurance costs in Ontario, the monthly costs for different types of cars for a driver profile of age 35, married, with a clean driving record may range as follows:

Car TypeLiability OnlyLiability + CollisionFull Coverage
Electric Car$130-$180$230-$280$330-$380
Hybrid Car$90-$110$130-$150$170-$190
Multi Car$70-$90$100-$120$130-$150
Exotic Car$350-$450$550-$650$750-$850
Luxury Car$250-$350$400-$500$550-$650
Classic Car$200-$250$300-$350$400-$450
Vintage Car$200-$250$300-$350$400-$450
Sports Car$200-$250$300-$350$400-$450
Leased cars$90-$110$130-$150$170-$190
2 Door$90-$110$130-$150$170-$190

Average car insurance costs in Ontario, the monthly costs for a driver profile of age 35, married, based on their driving history may range as follows:

Driving HistoryLiability OnlyLiability + CollisionFull Coverage
1 one at-fault accident$200-$250$300-$350$400-$450
2 one at-fault accidents$350-$450$550-$650$750-$850
1 non-fault accident$70-$90$100-$120$130-$150
DUI conviction$400-$500$650-$750$900-$1000
1 Speeding Ticket$70-$90$100-$120$130-$150
2 Speeding Tickets$120-$170$220-$270$320-$370

The average cost of car insurance in Ontario by age

The average cost of car insurance in Ontario can vary depending on many factors, including age, driving record, and the type of vehicle being insured. However, here are some general examples of what the average cost of car insurance might look like by age:

Age 20-24:

  • Monthly payment: $250 – $450
  • Yearly payment: $3,000 – $5,400

Age 25-29:

  • Monthly payment: $175 – $350
  • Yearly payment: $2,100 – $4,200

Age 30-34:

  • Monthly payment: $150 – $275
  • Yearly payment: $1,800 – $3,300

Age 35-39:

  • Monthly payment: $125 – $225
  • Yearly payment: $1,500 – $2,700

Age 40-44:

  • Monthly payment: $100 – $200
  • Yearly payment: $1,200 – $2,400

Age 45-49:

  • Monthly payment: $85 – $175
  • Yearly payment: $1,020 – $2,100

Age 50-54:

  • Monthly payment: $75 – $150
  • Yearly payment: $900 – $1,800

Age 55-59:

  • Monthly payment: $65 – $135
  • Yearly payment: $780 – $1,620

Age 60-64:

  • Monthly payment: $55 – $110
  • Yearly payment: $660 – $1,320

Average car insurance costs throughout Ontario cities


1. Toronto:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,400
  • Monthly: CAD $200

2. Ottawa:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,800
  • Monthly: CAD $150

3. Brampton:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,700
  • Monthly: CAD $225

4. Mississauga:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,500
  • Monthly: CAD $208.33

5. Hamilton:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,200
  • Monthly: CAD $183.33

6. Kitchener:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,900
  • Monthly: CAD $158.33

7. London:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,850
  • Monthly: CAD $154.17

8. Windsor:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,750
  • Monthly: CAD $145.83

9. Vaughan:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,450
  • Monthly: CAD $204.17

10. Markham:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,300
  • Monthly: CAD $191.67

11. Barrie:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,950
  • Monthly: CAD $162.50

12. Oshawa:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,150
  • Monthly: CAD $179.17

13. Sudbury:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,700
  • Monthly: CAD $141.67

14. Guelph:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,900
  • Monthly: CAD $158.33

15. Kingston:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,800
  • Monthly: CAD $150

16. Thunder Bay:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,650
  • Monthly: CAD $137.50

17. St. Catharines:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,820
  • Monthly: CAD $151.67

18. Waterloo:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,880
  • Monthly: CAD $156.67

19. Burlington:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,050
  • Monthly: CAD $170.83

20. Oakville:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,100
  • Monthly: CAD $175

21. Cambridge:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,880
  • Monthly: CAD $156.67

22. Whitby:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,080
  • Monthly: CAD $173.33

23. Richmond Hill:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,220
  • Monthly: CAD $185

24. Peterborough:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,770
  • Monthly: CAD $147.50

25. Brantford:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,830
  • Monthly: CAD $152.50

26. Ajax:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,000
  • Monthly: CAD $166.67

27. Pickering:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,040
  • Monthly: CAD $170

28. Niagara Falls:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,790
  • Monthly: CAD $149.17

29. Sarnia:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,710
  • Monthly: CAD $142.50

30. Aurora:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,180
  • Monthly: CAD $181.67

31. Milton:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,060
  • Monthly: CAD $171.67

32. North Bay:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,690
  • Monthly: CAD $140.83

33. Belleville:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,760
  • Monthly: CAD $146.67

34. Newmarket:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,120
  • Monthly: CAD $176.67

35. Chatham-Kent:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,730
  • Monthly: CAD $144.17

36. Cornwall:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,700
  • Monthly: CAD $141.67

37. Bowmanville:

  • Yearly: CAD $2,030
  • Monthly: CAD $169.17

38. Orillia:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,790
  • Monthly: CAD $149.17

39. Stratford:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,820
  • Monthly: CAD $151.67

40. Collingwood:

  • Yearly: CAD $1,810
  • Monthly: CAD $150.83

6. Deductibles:

In Ontario, auto insurance deductibles play a key role in the claims process. A deductible is the amount you agree to pay out-of-pocket towards a claim before your insurance covers the remaining amount. Here are some key aspects of auto insurance deductibles in Ontario:

  1. Deductible Amounts:
    • Deductible amounts vary. Common amounts for auto insurance in Ontario are $500, $1,000, or sometimes even $1,500 or more, depending on the type of coverage and the preferences of the policyholder.
    • When you choose a higher deductible, your insurance premium typically decreases since you’re agreeing to pay a larger portion of a claim out-of-pocket. Conversely, a lower deductible often results in a higher premium.
  2. Different Coverages, Different Deductibles:
    • Deductibles apply to specific coverages within your policy. The main coverages where you’ll see deductibles are:
      • Collision or Upset: Covers damage to your vehicle when it’s involved in a collision with another vehicle, the ground, or an object.
      • Comprehensive: Covers damage to your vehicle from things other than collisions, like theft, vandalism, fire, or natural disasters.
      • Direct Compensation-Property Damage (DC-PD): While this is related to damage caused by another driver, it might still have a deductible depending on the fault determination.
  3. Standard vs. Optional Deductibles:
    • Some coverages have standard deductibles that are typically set by the insurance company. Others, like Collision or Comprehensive, might allow you to select your deductible amount.
  4. Deductible Application in Claims:
    • If you make a claim, you’ll pay your deductible amount first, and the insurance company will pay the remaining repair/replacement costs. For instance, if you have a $1,000 deductible and $5,000 in damage, you’ll pay the first $1,000, and your insurance will cover the remaining $4,000.
  5. Waiving Deductibles:
    • In some situations, deductibles might be waived. For instance, if your car is damaged in a hit-and-run and you can provide the police report, your insurer might waive the deductible for the collision coverage.
    • Additionally, if another driver is completely at fault, and both parties are insured by companies that have agreed to the Direct Compensation system in Ontario, you might not have to pay the DC-PD deductible.
  6. Increasing or Decreasing Deductibles:
    • Adjusting your deductible is one way to influence your insurance premium. If you’re looking to save on your premium, you can consider increasing your deductible (though you should be prepared to pay that amount in case of a claim). Conversely, if you want to reduce potential out-of-pocket expenses in a claim, you can decrease your deductible, but this will typically result in a higher premium.

7. Mandatory Coverages:

In Ontario, there are certain auto insurance coverages that are mandatory for every driver. These are the minimum coverages required by law to legally operate a vehicle. Here’s an overview of the mandatory coverages:

  1. Third-Party Liability Coverage:
    • Purpose: Protects you if another individual is killed, injured, or has their property damaged due to your actions.
    • Minimum Limit: The minimum coverage required by law in Ontario is $200,000, but many drivers opt for more (e.g., $1 million or $2 million) for broader protection.
  2. Statutory Accident Benefits Coverage:
    • Purpose: Provides you with benefits if you’re injured in an auto accident, irrespective of who is at fault.
    • Coverage Includes:
      • Medical, rehabilitation, and attendant care expenses.
      • Income replacement benefits if you’re unable to work.
      • Non-earner benefits if you can’t carry on with most of your usual daily activities.
      • Caregiver benefits if you’re unable to continue as the primary caregiver for a dependent.
      • Death and funeral benefits.
  3. Direct Compensation-Property Damage (DC-PD) Coverage:
    • Purpose: Covers damage to your vehicle and its contents, and for loss of use of your vehicle or its contents, if another driver is at fault.
    • Conditions: The accident must occur in Ontario, involve one or more other vehicles, and at least one of the other vehicles must be insured by an insurance company that has agreed to the DC-PD rules in Ontario.
  4. Uninsured Automobile Coverage:
    • Purpose: Protects you and your family if you’re injured or killed by an uninsured driver or by a hit-and-run.
    • Coverage Includes:
      • Compensation for you or your family if someone is injured or killed.
      • Repair or replacement of your vehicle and its contents if damage is caused by an uninsured motorist.

8. Optional Coverages:

In addition to the mandatory coverages required by law in Ontario, there are optional coverages that drivers can purchase for added protection. These optional coverages can provide more comprehensive protection and help cover costs that might not be addressed by the mandatory portions of an auto insurance policy. Here’s a list of some optional coverages available in Ontario:

  1. Collision or Upset Coverage:
    • Purpose: Covers the cost to repair or replace your vehicle if it’s damaged in a collision with another vehicle, object, or if it rolls over.
    • Deductible: You’ll typically have to pay a deductible, which is a set amount towards the repair or replacement costs.
  2. Comprehensive Coverage:
    • Purpose: Protects your vehicle from non-collision-related risks, such as theft, vandalism, falling objects, fire, storms, and certain natural disasters.
    • Deductible: As with collision coverage, comprehensive also usually comes with a deductible.
  3. Specified Perils Coverage:
    • Purpose: Covers damages to your vehicle from specific perils you choose to insure against, such as theft, fire, or a storm. It’s more limited than comprehensive coverage but can be tailored to certain risks.
  4. All Perils Coverage:
    • Purpose: Combines collision or upset and comprehensive coverages. It also covers certain scenarios, like if your vehicle is stolen by someone living in your household or by an employee who drives or uses it.
  5. Rental Car Coverage (Loss of Use):
    • Purpose: Covers the cost of a rental vehicle while your car is being repaired due to damage or loss covered by your policy.
  6. Family Protection Endorsement (OPCF 44R):
    • Purpose: Provides additional protection to you and eligible family members if injured or killed by an at-fault uninsured or underinsured motorist. It extends your third-party liability coverage in these scenarios.
  7. Depreciation Waiver or Value Plus Endorsement:
    • Purpose: If you have a new car, this endorsement ensures you’ll receive the full purchase price, rather than the depreciated value, if your vehicle is stolen or written off in an accident.
  8. Accident Forgiveness:
    • Purpose: An endorsement that ensures your insurance premium won’t increase after your first at-fault accident. Specific conditions may apply.
  9. Increased Accident Benefits:
    • Purpose: Allows you to increase the limits of your statutory accident benefits, providing more extensive coverage for areas like medical and rehabilitation costs or income replacement.

9. Claims:

Filing an auto insurance claim in Ontario follows a specific procedure. If you’re involved in an accident or experience an event that necessitates a claim, it’s crucial to know the steps and expectations involved. Here’s a guide on how to navigate the claims process in Ontario:

  1. At the Scene of the Accident:
    • Ensure everyone’s safety. Check for injuries and call 911 if there are serious injuries or if the total damage to all the vehicles involved appears to be more than $2,000.
    • If it’s safe, move vehicles out of traffic.
    • Gather information: Collect details from all drivers involved, including name, address, driver’s license number, license plate number, and insurance information.
    • Document the scene: Take photos of the damages, positions of vehicles, and any relevant road signs or signals.
    • Get witness information if possible.
    • If the police arrive, obtain the officer’s name and badge number and the incident report number.
    • If the accident involves an unattended vehicle (like a parked car), leave your contact and insurance information on the windshield.
  2. Report the Accident:
    • In Ontario, if the total damage to all the vehicles involved appears to be more than $2,000, or if there are any injuries, you need to report the accident to the police or a Collision Reporting Centre within 24 hours.
  3. Contact Your Insurance Company:
    • Inform your insurance provider about the accident as soon as possible, even if you were not at fault.
    • They’ll guide you on the next steps and provide information on how to file a claim.
  4. Filing a Claim:
    • Provide all requested details to your insurance company, including the accident’s circumstances, the information you gathered at the scene, photos, and any medical reports if injuries were sustained.
    • The insurer will assign a claims adjuster to assess the damage and determine the amount of compensation.
    • Remember, Ontario operates on a no-fault system, meaning you will deal with your own insurance company regardless of who was at fault.
  5. Vehicle Repairs:
    • If your vehicle is damaged, the insurance company will provide guidance on where and how repairs can be done. Depending on your policy, you may have the freedom to choose a repair shop or might be directed to use one from the insurer’s approved list.
    • Pay the deductible if applicable. Depending on fault determination, you may get this amount reimbursed later.
  6. Medical Claims:
    • If there were injuries, your statutory accident benefits would cover medical and rehabilitation costs, income replacement, and other benefits as outlined in your policy.
  7. Determination of Fault:
    • The insurance company will determine fault based on the Fault Determination Rules set by the province of Ontario. This determination affects whether or not you’ll be reimbursed for your deductible and can influence future premiums.
  8. Settlement:
    • Once all information is assessed, the insurance company will provide a settlement offer. If you agree with the settlement, you’ll receive compensation. If not, you have the right to dispute the amount.

10. Driver’s Licensing:

In Ontario, the process of obtaining and maintaining a driver’s license is regulated by the Ministry of Transportation. The licensing system is designed to ensure drivers acquire the necessary skills and experience before getting a full unrestricted license. Here’s an overview of the driver’s licensing process in Ontario and its relation to auto insurance:

  1. Graduated Licensing System:
    • Ontario uses a graduated licensing system, which means new drivers must go through two learning stages before they can obtain a full driver’s license. The entire process can take up to two years.
  2. Class G1 License (Learner’s Permit):
    • Eligibility: Must be at least 16 years old and pass an eye test and written knowledge test.
    • Restrictions:
      • Must be accompanied by a fully licensed driver with at least four years of driving experience.
      • The accompanying driver must have a blood-alcohol level below 0.05% and be the only other person in the front seat.
      • G1 drivers cannot drive between midnight and 5 a.m.
      • Cannot drive on 400-series highways or other major highways unless accompanied by a licensed driving instructor.
      • Zero blood-alcohol content while driving.
  3. Class G2 License:
    • Eligibility: Must have held the G1 license for 12 months, or 8 months if you’ve completed an approved driver’s education course. You’ll also need to pass a road test.
    • Fewer restrictions than the G1 license but G2 drivers must still have zero blood-alcohol content while driving.
  4. Class G License (Full License):
    • Eligibility: Must have held the G2 license for 12 months and pass an advanced road test.
    • Once obtained, there are no driving restrictions unless the driver has specific medical conditions or is under age 21, in which case they must have zero blood-alcohol content while driving.
  5. Insurance Implications:
    • G1 Drivers: While G1 drivers are typically covered under the insurance policy of the accompanying fully licensed driver (e.g., a parent’s policy), it’s essential to inform the insurance company that a G1 driver will be using the vehicle.
    • G2 & G Drivers: Once a driver progresses to G2 and G stages, they can be listed as primary or secondary drivers on an insurance policy, which will likely affect premiums.
    • New Drivers: Regardless of age, new drivers are often considered “high risk” by insurance companies, which can result in higher premiums. Over time, with a clean driving record, insurance rates generally decrease.
  6. Renewals & Updates:
    • Driver’s licenses and license plate stickers must be renewed periodically. Renewal reminders are typically sent by mail or email.
    • Always ensure that address changes or other pertinent information is updated with the Ministry of Transportation.

About the Author: Valerie D. Hahn

Valerie is an insurance editor, journalist, and business professional at RateLab. She has more than 15 years of experience in personal financial products. She strives to educate readers and ensure that they are properly protected.

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