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HomeHome Insurance ResourcesNamed Perils vs All Risk Home Owners Insurance

As soon as one goes to buy home insurance, they are soon faced with all types of jargon that apply to the Insurance world. But, it is most confusing for the insurance shopper. Insurance products in Canada including home insurance always come with a lot of options and decisions to make. One of these is going to be deciding between opting for named perils home insurance coverage. Or, going with all-risk insurance for your home. So what is the difference and which should you choose?

What is Named Perils Insurance?

To begin with, understand that taking out home insurance means you are going to be issued an insurance policy. This policy is a contract between you and the Insurance Company. The policy is going to outline the details of your coverage.

The home insurance product you are buying may say that you are buying named perils coverage. If it does then you need to read your insurance policy carefully (which you should do anyway). This is because you will only be covered for the perils that are specifically named in your policy.

What Are The Common Named Perils?

Think about all the common things that can go wrong with homeownership then look at your named perils policy to see if these are listed. The most common ones are;

Water Overflow

  • Water leakage such as that which can occur from a sink or bathtub overflowing. Or the washing machine or dishwater.
  • Toilet leakage or overflow
  • From burst pipes
  • Water escape from a rupture or freezing

Fuel Leakage

  • That which can come from a burst or leaking fuel tank
  • Building collapse
  • Electrical current damage
  • The building or partial building collapse
  • Weight accumulation caused by ice, snow, or sleet
  • Objects falling on the house or property create damage
  • Vehicle, watercraft, or aircraft impact damage
  • Malicious acts
  • Vandalism
  • Theft or attempted theft
  • Fire
  • Smoke
  • Hail
  • Windstorm
  • Explosion
  • Lightening
  • Smoke

This is a long list of common perils that are often included in named perils. However, each of them can have conditions or partial exclusions. Or, some insurance companies may not include them at all.

What is All Risk Home Insurance?


You can look at all risk Canada home insurance as being the opposite of what named perils is. In this case, all perils are covered unless they are specifically listed in the insurance policy as not being covered.

The latest news is that the term “all risks” is no longer being used in most insurance policies. The industry believes that it is too misleading. In that it makes it appear as a broad type of coverage. Now the common terms being used to identify this type of insurance is;

  • All Perils
  • Open Perils
  • Special Perils

Every insurance company will use different references when it comes to their home insurance products. Here are a few examples when it comes to what may be considered as all risk.

RBC Insurance

They refer to their insurance coverage as Comprehensive Homeowners Insurance.


Covers all perils giving the definition of this as the insurance providing protection against the widest range of risks that the home is up against. But it specifically states that it does not cover those that are excluded from the policy.


Promotes two types of home insurance. All risks and named perils.  They state that all risks include;

  • Theft
  • Fire
  • Some types of water damage
  • Hail
  • Windstorms
  • Vehicle or aircraft impact damage
  • Object impact (excluding those that are waterborne
  • Damage of transported goods
  • Weight from snow, ice, or sleet

They also state that all risk is their comprehensive policy and includes extra coverage such as;

  • Mysterious loss disappearance
  • Higher special limits coverage

Which Home Insurance Should You Choose?

Choose The Right Direction

Nobody can give you a direct answer to this. Think about all the factors you need to consider such as;

  • How old is your home?
  • The older the home, the more risk you are at for some of the perils listed in the all-risk insurance.
  • What are the statistics for vandalism in your area?
  • If you live in an area where vandalism or theft is prominent then your want insurance coverage for this.
  • What are the most common weather conditions that your home will be exposed to? If the dwelling is at risk for substantial damage from storms does the insurance you are thinking of buying take this into account.

The more insurance you buy, the more expensive it is going to be. But, consider what the cost will be for one of those perils that you are not covered for.

Don’t Over Look The Discounts


It is important to focus on what kind of coverage you need and then who offers this. Also, at what cost. But, you can help to reduce the costs by making use of discounts.

Before making any final decision as to which insurance policy to buy review the discounts. Look at the percentage discounts then calculate how much savings they are going to give you.

It just may be that the insurance with the higher premiums can be discounted to the point where they beat the cheaper quote.

How to Shop for Named Perils or All Risk Canada Home Insurance?

buying insurance

A lot of the focus is going to be put on the named perils or the all risks insurance. But there is another very important part of home insurance, and that is the liability portion.

The latest stats released by the Canadian Institute for Health information is indicating there were 114,383 emergency department visits recorded as a result of falls in the home. Making this the most commonplace for falls. If this involves a third party, then you are going to want to be sure to have adequate liability insurance as part of your homeowners’ insurance.

Don’t forget to take the time to get some homeowners insurance quotes.

There are a lot of insurance companies in Canada that want your business. They are going to compete against each other for it. This is going to be noticeable in the quotes that you get.

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