Common Causes Of Car Accidents in Canada

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When you get into a collision it is very stressful among other unwanted aftermaths. These may be as devastating as a permanent disability due to injury, loss of income, death etc. So, why not be safe and drive to avoid a collision in the first place? Well, sometimes circumstances vary and it may not be your fault at all. Whether a mature driver with good driving experience or a newbie who is all revved up to drive on the roads, accidents happen. A driver could be responsible and avoid all hazards to avert a collision and the statistics show that accidents are on the decrease.

As per United Nations Organization, more than 1.2 million deaths are due to road collisions every year. Transport Canada estimates that the injury rates in Ontario are about 475 for every 100000 due to collisions. Most collisions can be avoided but only if you want to change your bad driving habits for the better. It is important to note where you might err to avoid getting into a collision. Better be safe on the roads and stay out of accidents to prevent severe injuries and death.

What Are The Causes Of Most Accidents In Canada

There are many circumstantial, personal and external factors that cause road accidents. Let’s examine some of the common reasons that lead to a collision in Canada.

  • Distracted Driving: Whether you are talking or texting on your phone or eating a snack, it may take your attention away from driving. These distractions are enough for a few seconds and losing focus on the road could pay dearly.
  • Speeding: If you are driving on the highway or city streets, speeding over the posted limit is a dangerous driving action. You may have seen the billboards that warn, “Speed Kills”. Well, they are there for a reason so slow down.
  • Impaired Driving: When you drink or use drugs and drive then that is a deadly combination that could easily cause a collision. You don’t have any control over your thought process, response times or co-ordination and become a dangerous driver. If you plan to drink then hire a cab or designate someone, it could save lives.
  • Fatigue: Yes, tired drivers are at a high risk of causing an accident since they may just fall asleep due to exhaustion. If you have been working back to back night shifts and drive then you may drift off to sleep due to fatigue. Your response time for averting a collision is minimal when you are tired.
  • Racing and Reckless Driving: If you drive with no care in the world or the rules of the road then you may end up in an accident. Impatience in driving can cost many lives so be extra careful when you sense an aggressive driver tailgating your car.
  • Running at Red Lights: For some drivers, red light may not mean stop, but to try your luck. Well, you may not be lucky all the time and if you are also driving at high speed then the collision could be fatal. So, keep your eyes wide open and stop when you see red.
  • Bad Weather: Canadian weather has its share of miseries such as snow, ice, slush, black ice, fog, hail etc. Bad weather may cause road conditions to change while you drive and skid or spin. If you using the wrong tires too then this only adds to the trouble. Drive with your headlights when needed for better visibility and not your high beams.
  • Running at Stop Signs: Roll over stops at signs may not be a healthy driving habit, in case you forgot your driving lessons. One driver running a stop sign may cause many side impact car collisions that could be avoided. Stop sign means you stop till it is safe to proceed.
  • Nighttime Driving: When an erratic driver cannot avert collisions during the day then the chances of collisions for such a driver multiplies at nighttime. Your awareness and focus tend to reduce with nightfall especially after a tiresome hectic day. Visibility is also less and you may miss a hazard ahead of the road.
  • Vehicle Defects: In case your car has a defective component that you ignored and decided to drive then it might be dangerous. Many serious car collisions are due to defects in important vehicle parts such as engine, accelerator, brakes etc.
  • Wrong lane changes: When you suddenly get into the other lane without any warning that may confuse the other driver and cause a collision. Use the turn signal and proceed only after checking your blind spots while changing lanes for safety.
  • Driving In the Wrong Direction: If you lapse in your judgment and suddenly turn right into a one-way street then it could very dangerous. When you go the wrong way you are inviting a collision that could be severe.
  • Tailgating: Following a vehicle too close is a no-no as per even your driving lessons. If the car you are tailgating suddenly brakes then you may not have enough response time to stop a collision.
  • Animal Crossings: You need to watch for animals such as deer, crossing when you drive. This is more common on highways near rural woody areas. So, look out for the sign that says animal crossing and put on your high beams. Animals do not follow rules.
  • Construction Zones: A very common cause that is due to poorly managed construction areas for roadwork or incompetent crew. When they are not vigilant to guide traffic, you must take extra caution and drive safe.
  • Ignoring traffic rules: There are traffic signals for regulatory, informational, directional and hazard warning purposes. When you follow these signals then you may remain safe and avoid accidents. It is important to know the difference between the signs of their relevance and correct road use.

Who Has The Most Car Accidents, Men Or Women

As per data from Statistics Canada, it is clear over the past few years that women are safer drivers than men. Men tend to cause more accidents as per statistics that are shown below due to various reasons. Most men drive more distances on an average basis than female drivers. This offers more exposure on the road to traffic and other hazards and there is a higher risk for men. Apart from these reasons young men are more aggressive drivers than females and take risks often. Well, the following numbers speak for this disproportion.

Statistics Canada Data Comparison for Male & Female Drivers

statistics

Year20102011201220132014
Fatalities172081
167740
166479
164492
155311
Injuries2238
2023
2065
1908
1876

The above table depicts a comparison of the number of collisions by male and female drivers as per Statistics Canada. It is very clear that over the years from 2009 to 2013, there are more collisions by males than female drivers. In fact, the differences in rates are consistent except for 2010 and notably, the collision rates for males dropped in 2013. Surprisingly though male drivers try to get their license early, the female drivers take their time to hone driving skills.

Year by Year Accident Statistic Table

Year20092010201120122013
Male Drivers1717
1718
1630
1618
1493
Female Drivers689
732
624
691
679

As per the above table, the collision statistics reported by Transport Canada is on the decline over the years. From 2010 to 2014, there has been a steady drop in the number of fatalities due to collisions. The only inconsistency seems to be in 2012 where the number of fatalities increased by 42 compared to 2011. On the other hand, when you compare the rate of injuries due to collision there is a steady decline. The disparity in injuries and fatalities rates are very high as per the data.


Resources:

http://wwwapps2.tc.gc.ca/Saf-Sec-Sur/7/NCDB-BNDC/p.aspx

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/health112c-eng.htm


 

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