The licensing system in Ontario has 12 categories of license as per MTO. You need to complete each level and the first one is a G1 license. When you drive safe and keep a clean record then it is easy to graduate to next level which is G2 and then a full G. If you intend to drive a passenger vehicle, you may require a G series license in Ontario. The G1 license is more like a learner permit to start gaining driving experience in Ontario. There are many restrictions for a G1 driver to enable road safety at all times. A G1 driver is expected to always be accompanied by a fully licensed G license holder with at least 4 years driving experience. In case you are caught driving alone without supervision, you may be fined with a ticket of $110 and a 30 days suspension of license. However, there may not be any demerit points added to the license as per MTO.

Demerit points for G1 license holders:

If you are a novice driver with a G1 license then you may face consequences for collecting demerit points at each level. The demerit points that you collect does stay on your driving record for up to 2 years from the date of the offence. Eventually, collecting more demerit points could be the reason to suspend or cancel your G1 license. The breakdown of actions that could be taken against you if you fail to abide by the rules for a G1 driver is mentioned as below:

Equal to 2 – 5 demerit points: As a G1 driver you may get a warning letter.

Equal to 6 – 8 demerit points: Your G1 license could get suspended. You may also receive a letter from the Ministry asking you to attend an interview. The notice will have the location and time of your interview and you have to pay $50 charge for your interview. You may pay this fee in person at any Service Ontario location. If you don’t, your license may the cancelled. This is to discuss your unsafe road habits and violation of rules. It is very important that you attend this meeting and to justify that your G1 license may not be suspended.

Equal to 9 or more demerit points: Your G1 license may get suspended for up to 60 days. The Ministry of Transportation will send you a warning letter to inform about this suspension. This letter will warn of the effective date of suspension. You will also be asked to surrender your license. In case you fail to surrender your G1 license then it could get suspended for 2 years. You may surrender your G1 license using either of the two methods. You may surrender your G1 license in person at any Service Ontario site. Or you may mail your G1 license to the Ministry of Transportation. You are not allowed to surrender a suspended G1 license at a Drive Test centre.

What Limitations Do G1 Drivers Have While Driving In Ontario

time limit

In Ontario, there are many rules that a G1 driver has to follow as mentioned below:

  • It is an absolute necessity that G1 drivers have 0 BAC while driving a vehicle on the roads. The supervision must be done by an experienced G license holder seated in the front passenger area. The accompanying driving may not have more than 0.05% BAC.
  • It is important that when a G1 license holder is driving, the passenger seat belts are sufficient for each passenger and is working properly. This ensures everyone’s safety in case there is an accident.
  • There is a restriction for a G1 driver to drive on 400 series highways. This does not change if the G licensed driver is present with them. In case the G1 driver is accompanied by a certified driving instructor in Ontario only then they could do so.
  • G1 driver has a limitation to drive between 12 midnight and 5 am.

Do You Need Insurance To Drive In Ontario As A G1 Driver

Yes. It is mandatory for all motorists to have active car insurance when they drive in Ontario. But, as a G1 driver, it is not very easy to get insurance. IBC does not allow G1 drivers to be named on an insurance policy as the main policyholder. So it may be a good idea to be named on someone else’s policy in your household, such as your parents with G license. In order to register a vehicle, it is required to have insurance. The policy may not have a G1 driver as the principal policyholder.

You may also read:

Driving Without Insurance in Canada

Can I Drive a Car in Ontario Without Insurance?